[Solved] SQLServerException: The driver could not establish a secure connection to SQL Server by using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption. Error: “No appropriate protocol (protocol is disabled or cipher suites are inappropriate)


This issue “SQLServerException: The driver could not establish a secure connection to SQL Server by using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption. Error: “No appropriate protocol (protocol is disabled or cipher suites are inappropriate)” was happening to me when upgrade from jDK 8_271 to JDK_8_341 and MSSQL driver.

Below are the stacktrace of the issue.

Stacktrace

Caused by: com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException: The driver could not establish a secure connection to SQL Server by using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption. Error: "No appropriate protocol (protocol is disabled or cipher suites are inappropriate)".
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.terminate(SQLServerConnection.java:1368)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.TDSChannel.enableSSL(IOBuffer.java:1412)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connectHelper(SQLServerConnection.java:1058)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.login(SQLServerConnection.java:833)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connect(SQLServerConnection.java:716)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver.connect(SQLServerDriver.java:841)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:208)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnectionFromDriverManager(DriverManagerDataSource.java:153)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource.getConnectionFromDriver(DriverManagerDataSource.java:144)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.AbstractDriverBasedDataSource.getConnectionFromDriver(AbstractDriverBasedDataSource.java:155)
	at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.AbstractDriverBasedDataSource.getConnection(AbstractDriverBasedDataSource.java:120)
	at org.springframework.batch.item.database.AbstractCursorItemReader.initializeConnection(AbstractCursorItemReader.java:422)
	... 30 more
Caused by: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: No appropriate protocol (protocol is disabled or cipher suites are inappropriate)
	at sun.security.ssl.HandshakeContext.<init>(HandshakeContext.java:171)
	at sun.security.ssl.ClientHandshakeContext.<init>(ClientHandshakeContext.java:106)
	at sun.security.ssl.TransportContext.kickstart(TransportContext.java:238)
	at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:410)
	at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:389)
	at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.TDSChannel.enableSSL(IOBuffer.java:1379)
	... 41 more

Solutions

SQL Server JDBC Driver versions are specific to JDK versions. Till JDK_8.271, JDBC driver versions supported as 4.1 however for the latest version JDK_8_341 use the SQL Server JDBC driver 8.4.1.

In my case this issue got resolved by updating the jar file as below:

Old Jar : mssql-jdbc4-2.0.jar

New Jar: mssql-jdbc-8.4.1.jre8.jar

Please refer below the complete SQLServer JDBC driver support matrix specific to Java/JDK versions.

https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/connect/jdbc/microsoft-jdbc-driver-for-sql-server-support-matrix?view=sql-server-ver16#java-and-jdbc-specification-support

Please share your comments if this solutions help you to resolve this issue.

Happy Learning !!!

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