[Solved] com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure


  • com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure.
  • java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused.
  • SQLException: Connection refused or Connection timeout

All above exceptions occurred while connecting with database or communication issues because of one or more following causes:

  1. IP address or hostname in JDBC URL is wrong.
  2. Hostname in JDBC URL is not recognized by local DNS server.
  3. Port number is missing or wrong in JDBC URL.
  4. DB server is down.
  5. DB server doesn’t accept TCP/IP connections.
  6. DB server has run out of connections.
  7. Something in between Java and DB is blocking connections, e.g. a firewall or proxy.

Solutions:

To solve the one or the other, follow the following suggestions:

  1. Verify and test them with ping.
  2. Refresh DNS or use IP address in JDBC URL instead.
  3. Verify it based on my.cnf of MySQL DB.
  4. Start the DB.
  5. Verify if MySQL is started without the --skip-networking option.
  6. Restart the DB and fix your code accordingly that it closes connections in finally.
  7. Disable firewall and/or configure firewall/proxy to allow/forward the port.

For Example :

For my case this exception occurred because database was not started.


Loading class `com.mysql.jdbc.Driver'. This is deprecated. The new driver class is `com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver'. The driver is automatically registered via the SPI and manual loading of the driver class is generally unnecessary.
com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure

The last packet sent successfully to the server was 0 milliseconds ago. The driver has not received any packets from the server.
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createCommunicationsException(SQLError.java:172)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLExceptionsMapping.translateException(SQLExceptionsMapping.java:64)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:862)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.(ConnectionImpl.java:444)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getInstance(ConnectionImpl.java:230)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.NonRegisteringDriver.connect(NonRegisteringDriver.java:226)
    at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
    at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:247)
    at connection.MyConnection.getConnectionMain(MyConnection.java:59)
    at procedure_functions.StoredProcedureTest.main(StoredProcedureTest.java:42)
Caused by: com.mysql.cj.exceptions.CJCommunicationsException: Communications link failure

The last packet sent successfully to the server was 0 milliseconds ago. The driver has not received any packets from the server.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
    at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)
    at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:59)
    at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:103)
    at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:149)
    at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createCommunicationsException(ExceptionFactory.java:165)
    at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeSocketConnection.connect(NativeSocketConnection.java:92)
    at com.mysql.cj.NativeSession.connect(NativeSession.java:152)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.connectOneTryOnly(ConnectionImpl.java:982)
    at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:852)
    ... 7 more
Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused: connect
    at java.net.DualStackPlainSocketImpl.connect0(Native Method)
    at java.net.DualStackPlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(DualStackPlainSocketImpl.java:79)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.doConnect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:350)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:206)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:188)
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connect(PlainSocketImpl.java:172)
    at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:392)
    at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:589)
    at com.mysql.cj.protocol.StandardSocketFactory.connect(StandardSocketFactory.java:173)
    at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeSocketConnection.connect(NativeSocketConnection.java:66)
    ... 10 more

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